Styria - A historical outline

From the Kingdom of Noricum to the UNESCO City of Design, from the Habsburg Empire to the economic centre of Styria with one of the highest research rates across Europe.


Graz is a Unesco City of Design.


Graz is the culinary capital and is thus one of the most enjoyable regions in Austria (an initiative of Agrarmarkt Austria and the Ministry of Life).


Since the 1 May and the new member states of the EU, Styria moves (again) from the geographic outskirts into the centre of Europe.


Graz is the only cultural capital of Europe.


The old town of Graz is named a UNESCO World Heritage site.


After the 1st World War, Styria loses 1/3 of its land area, the so-called Untersteiermark [Lower Styria] becomes part of the newly founded SHS state of Yugoslavia. Due to the disintegration of the Habsburg Empire, Styria, once the "Gate to the Southeast", is placed in a peripheral position.


Construction of the southern railway line over the Semmering (the 1st high mountain railway in the world, Carl Ritter von Ghega). The railway section is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

19th century

Brisk construction in the country and in Graz (technical university, opera house, Karl-Franzens University, railway station, state hospital). Major scientists and artists settle. In the first half of the century, Archduke John of Austria set decisive and lasting impulses for the development of science, culture and economy in Styria.

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Images for the press release

Swan enjoying summer vacation | © Steiermark Tourismus | Tom Lamm
© Graz Tourismus | Harry Schiffer
Kaiser Josef market, Graz | © Steiermark Tourismus
Graz | © Graz Tourismus | Erwin Scheriau
© Graz Tourismus | Harry Schiffer
Semmering railway | © Steiermark Tourismus | Popp-Hackner
Lipizzan horses in front of Schloss Piber castle (Lipizzanerheimat) | © Spanische Hofreitschule - Lipizzanergestüt Piber
© Steiermark Tourismus |