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The late 18th century

In 1772, the Duchy of Styria's era of independent minting ended.  It had begun about 500 years before.


The church reforms of Emperor Joseph II hit the monasteries particularly hard. From 1782, numerous abbeys and monasteries were abolished and turned into barracks, depots, hospitals, madhouses and accommodation. Valuable cultural assets were thus lost forever.


In March 1797, Napoleon Bonaparte and his army were in the Tyrol and then broke into Inner Austria.


Meanwhile, the industrial revolution also influenced Styria. Machines began to replace people; mechanical power, such as steam, was increasingly implemented to extract and process new raw materials using new techniques.