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Romanesque Period

The Roman style reached Styria during the twelfth century.  On the one hand, this is connected to the dynastic situation; on the other, it is connected to the monastic movements of the Benedictines, Augustinian Canons, Cistercians and Carthusians. Genuine artistic development in Styria can only really be talked of from this era onwards.


Basic schooling and the beginnings of national education

In the Middle Ages, it was almost exclusively monasteries that provided education for men. They established schools in which young males would learn to read, write and speak Latin. At first, they were considered to be educational establishments for spiritual development, but they gradually expanded upon the original, narrow circle of schools. Parish, town and market schools were primarily responsible for the general elementary education of the lay world.