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Late antiquity

Here we describe the year 378 AD, in which the barbarian migration is supposed to have begun. Times were uncertain, the people of Styria increasingly retreated back to their high positions. In Styria, such settlements can be found in Gröbming, Kugelstein in the central Mur Valley, Heiliger Berg in Bärnbach and Frauenberg in Leibnitz, which was almost certainly the refuge for the inhabitants of Flavia Solva.

 

This is supposed to have lasted until 955 AD, when the decisive change in the formation of the state began. In 1122, the first measures were introduced that led to a Landesherrschaft or territorial lordship, Landesfürstentum or principality, Landeshoheit or sovereign territory and the development of a Styrian state. While Duke Leopold had led the developments, it was Duke Ottokar III who finally created the Styrian state. In 1180, it was even made a duchy (in German, Mark) by Emperor Fredrick I (Barbarossa). It is at this time that the German name "Steier" appears as "Steiermark" (Duchy of Styria).

 

When Ottokar IV died on 8 May 1192, the Duchy of Styria fell to the Babenbergers and thus became the first modern Austrian state to unite with Austria. As a result of the Georgenberg Pact, the merging of the fate of Styria with Austria's fortunes was laid down permanently.  This is because neither the temporary separations nor the later division of Habsburg lands could change anything about it.

 

Early mining in Styria

Mining goes far back into the early history of our region. Its oldest traces were discovered by archaeologists, but the specific locations also take us back to the time of the eleventh and twelfth centuries. The first mining activities in Styria were to extract salt. The origins of salt mining are put around the 800 or 900 BC.  However, the first chronicled mention of a salt mine is from 931 AD.