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History

A chronological history of Styria

Its position between the Alps in the west and the Pannonian Plain in the east determined the fate of Styria even before the area existed as a geographic concept at all. Ice Age hunting tribes followed the cave bears up to the mountain tops and the first farmers settled in the fertile lowlands.

The Illyrians and the Celts came to the region, prospected for salt and iron ore and traded, which took them to the Baltic Sea and Asia Minor.

 

The year 1186 is an important date.  It was when the dukes of Austria and Styria signed a treaty - the Georgenberg Pact - which came into effect in 1192 and which signified that from this time onward, Styria was part of Austria. This treaty was also significant later, when Styria behaved liked a spoilt child under the reign of the Habsburgs: very confident with the capital, Graz, as the residence of the Inner Austrian Hereditary Lands, but also reliable when it came to defence against the attacking Hungarians, Turks, Hajdús and Kurucs.

 

Later, Styria was the first Austrian state in which Napoleon agreed a ceasefire with the Habsburgs. Under Archduke Johann, important achievements were made in all areas from economics to art and science.

 

After the First World War, the separation of the lucrative Lower Styria had to be dealt with and after the Second World War, there were huge achievements made in construction throughout the entire state that kept the area in employment.